It’s a fact that staghorn fern is a stunning plant. They are mounted on a board, are wrapped in vintage burlap, and hung to a wall. These plants are indeed living works of art. These plants have two types of leaves, one of which has the semblance to the horns of a large herbivore.
Temperature, light, and moisture monitoring are the essential points of staghorn fern care. It looks like deer or elk antler. Its common name is elkhorn fern. Staghorn plant were considered difficult to grow in old times, but now a day they are trendy. There are 17 species of Platycerium but staghorn ferns common in home cultivation.
They have two different leaf forms. One is small, flat leaves, also known as shield fronds, covering the root ball structure and taking up the water and nutrients. And green, pronged antler fronds emerge from the base and can reach up to three feet in length indoor. If you are looking for how to grow staghorn fern, then you can read below.
What is a staghorn fern?
There are different staghorn fern species are there. The one that we come across in plant nurseries and centres is Platycerium bifurcatum. This species of staghorn fern is naturally found in Australia and New Guinea, and the Indonesian island of Java.
In its natural habitat, the staghorn fern plants grow in rainforests in an epiphytic manner, which means it clings to the trees in a non-parasitic way. This plant doesn’t need soil around its roots, which only serves as an anchoring purpose. Water and nutrients are absorbed mainly in the plant through the fronds of the plant.
Like many other ferns, the staghorn fern can’t produce seeds. These ferns are among the most ancient plant types, and they still reproduce in the ‘old-fashioned way through the spores. These spores are very tiny and grow on the edges of the plants’ fronds, just looking like a layer of dust. They can be harvested for the growth of new staghorn ferns plants or left. It can result in them developing into tiny plants that can be planted again.
Platycerium bifurcatum has two types of leaves, shield fronds and bifurcated (forked) fronds. The shield fronds are located at the base of the plant and can grow flatly, often appearing dried out or dead. The second one is what the plant lent its common name from. You should keep in mind the following points to know about how to care for staghorn fern. You can buy these from the stores where you find staghorn for sale.
Staghorn Fern Care:
Staghorn ferns make for eye-catching visual interest, not only due to the beauty of these plants themselves but also because of the unusual way they’re grow. Because staghorn plants are often go up on wood planks and can be hang on the wall, these plants can add a bit of green decor to your room or gallery wall.
The best part about these stunning plants, they’re not difficult to cultivate. The main point in helping your staghorn fern thrive is to mimic its natural, sub-tropical conditions as best as you can. Dapples of sunlight (they’re grown on the bark of trees beneath a canopy of leaves) and lots of moisture will be two essential ingredients to a happy, healthy staghorn fern care indoors.
These young staghorn ferns may be started in a moist traditional potting mixture. They should be mounted once they progress towards maturity. They are epiphytes, can grow on the sides of trees or other plants in the wild, and will also, therefore, thrive in similar conditions in your house. To mount these ferns, you’ll need a starting lump of peat, moss, or other organic matter as the base, but beyond that, they should not need additional soil.
Staghorn ferns are preferred to be keep in a location that has consistent, shaded light. The staghorn fern can handle more sunlight if given enough water, warmth, and humidity. Just be aware of allowing any direct sun rays to hit the fragile fronds, as they can burn quickly.
Proper watering of these plants is an essential component for a staghorn fern’s success. They’ll need frequent watering, but the base of fern should be allow to dry out in between, once a week in warm climates or the summer months and once every two to three weeks in cold months. For easy watering technique, remove the fern and its mounting from the wood or wall (or wherever it’s hang) and soak them a sink filled with water for 10–20 minutes, or until the roots are fully saturate. Allow to drip dry before hanging them again.
If you notice that the flower heads start to brown or black towards the base, it’s due to the reason that your plant is being swamped. And if the tips of the flower heads start to brown in colour or wilt, then it needs to be water more frequently.
Temperature and Humidity:
There is one thing to remember that staghorn fern love humidity. More mature staghorn can survive freezing temperatures. They may thrive in warm and humid conditions. Care should be take to maintain these conditions (at least above 50 degrees Fahrenheit and below 100 degrees Fahrenheit), especially when they’re young ferns.
To increase the temperature and humidity around the plant, try to place it in one of the more humid areas in your home, like the bathroom or kitchen. If it doesn’t work, increase the humidity around the plant by using a small-scale humidifier or periodically spritzing the staghorn fern plant.
To promote the growth in your staghorn fern, you can feed your plant monthly with a well-balanced, water-soluble fertilizer. This is best to perform during spring and summer when the fern can experience active growth. Fertilizing frequency can slow down to every other month during fall and winter.
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Staghorn fern does not need pruning. Sometimes, the bottom fronds of the plant become brown can be mistake for dead leaves and get cut, but this is an error. As they resemble end parts of a plant, these leaves perform vital functions for the plant, and they should not be trim. They serve the purpose of absorbing the moisture and nutrients to feed the plant and shielding the root ball of the plant. There will also come a time when these leaves expire and can be detach. You will know when this is the time because they will only be clasp on the plant very loosely and can be tug off very quickly.
Staghorn Fern can be grow in two ways, one from spores or offshoots. The easiest and quickest method is to be breed from side shoots. On a mature staghorn fern, side shoots develop on both the fertile and the sterile leaf fronds. These offshoot of the staghorn fern is a young version of the plant attach to the mother plant by its root system. You can remove the shoots by pulling or twisting them off gently.
If they do not pull out quickly, it is too early to remove them from the mother plant, and you should wait for more. Once you have an offshoot of plant, you have to plant it up straight away, whether that can be organize on sphagnum moss or in a soil mix in a pot. If you don’t immediately supply it with its growing medium, then it will die quickly. By removing the offshoots from the parent plant, you can thin out the larger plant, making it less messy looking while achieving lots of new younger plants. These are the two methods of staghorn fern planter.
The second way to staghorn fern is from spores which grow on the fertile reproductive fronds. They appear as small green lumps on the downside of the leaves early in the growing season. In late summer, they will be get brown, and at this point, you can harvest the plant’s spores. One way to do this type of propagation is to remove a frond from the plant and place it in a paper bag of brown colour. The spores will release seeds by themselves, which you will find waiting at the bottom of the brown paper bag.
You should keep in mind the above process for the elkhorn fern care.
These plants grow outdoors in warm weather and indoor also. There are different staghorn fern species there. The one that we come across in plant stores and centres is Platycerium bifurcatum. Platycerium bifurcatum has two types of leaves (fronds), shield fronds and bifurcated fronds. Staghorn ferns are place to be keep in a location that has consistent, shadow light. Proper watering of these plants is an essential component for a staghorn fern’s success. To increase the temperature and humidity around the plant, try to place it in one of the more humid areas in your house, like the bathroom or kitchen. There are many plant stores where you can find staghorn ferns for sale.